This is a church in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. According to tradition, the church contains the two holiest sites in Christianity; the site where Jesus of Nazareth was crucified, at a place known as Calvary or “Golgotha”, and Jesus’ empty tomb, where he is said to have been buried and resurrected.
The tomb is enclosed by the 19th-century shrine, called the Aedicule (Edicule). The church proper contains the last four or five Stations of the Via Dolorosa (Road of Sorrows), representing the final episodes of Jesus’ Passion. It has been a major Christian pilgrimage destination since it was created in the fourth century, as the traditional site of the Resurrection of Christ.
The history of this church, it’s location, validity and current statues to the property can fill a book i am sure. To close – if you have a chance – visit it – you will be moved!